China's dependence on foreign crude oil has exceed

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China's dependence on foreign crude oil has exceeded 50% for the first time.

according to the voice of china CNR at 13:20, the data of the National Energy Administration shows that China's dependence on foreign crude oil has reached 51.3%, exceeding the psychological defense line of 50% for the first time

according to the data released by the energy administration last month, China produced 189 million tons of crude oil in 2009, but its net import of crude oil reached 199 million tons. That is to say, more than half of the oil used in China needs to be imported from outside the capacity replacement scheme of the construction projects of three enterprises, including Inner Mongolia (Naiman) Jing'an nonferrous metal materials Co., Ltd., which is a national annex. Since becoming a net importer of oil for the first time in 1993, China's dependence on foreign crude oil has risen from 6% in that year to 45% in 2006, and then rose at a rate of about 2 percentage points every year, 47% in 2007, 49% in 2008, and 50% in 2009. Other statistics show that China produced 189 million tons of crude oil last year, the first decline in production in 28 years

for the decline of China's crude oil production, one theory is that China's oil producers artificially lowered their production last year when the international oil price was low. To a large extent, this is mainly because the oil products produced by a considerable number of oil fields in China belong to ultra thick heavy oil, which has little economic value when the international oil price is low. However, it should be noted that China has been hovering at the level of 180million tons per year for many years. To some extent, 180million to 190million tons is already the peak of China's crude oil production

it is predicted that even if China did not artificially reduce its production last year, China's domestic peak crude oil production will not exceed 200 million tons. According to the national mineral resources plan (2008-2015), which was approved at the end of 2008, China's dependence on foreign crude oil will reach 60% by 2020. However, the blue book of large-scale energy was released in the middle of last year It is predicted that China's dependence on foreign crude oil will reach 64.5% in 10 years. Either view means that China's energy situation is not optimistic

at present, this issue is indeed controversial in the industry. There is a view that it is very unsafe for a large energy consuming country like China to put so much oil demand on the international market without international oil pricing power. At present, China's "one shortage is hundreds of millions of tons", and the excessive energy gap has brought uncertainties to China's energy security

however, some experts believe that the external dependence of crude oil is more than 50%, which is a warning line, which is a little alarmist, because our neighbor, Japan, which is extremely scarce in resources and energy, now has an external dependence of crude oil close to 100%. Moreover, most developed countries in the world are highly dependent on foreign crude oil, and South Korea's dependence on foreign crude oil is more than 90%. Even the United States, which ranks third in the world in crude oil production, has more than 60% dependence on foreign crude oil. Therefore, this view holds that the world is not short of oil. For China, the biggest problem is just at what cost to obtain international oil

however, it is really necessary to emphasize that just now we mentioned that although Japan has a high degree of dependence on foreign crude oil, Japanese capital has long penetrated into the oil sources in the world, and no omission of the service body is allowed to affect the development speed of partners. To a large extent, Japan can offset the cost of imported crude oil, especially at high prices, which is exactly what China lacks. China is now buying what goes up

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